DSLR vs. Mirrorless

Nowadays photography plays the major role in every occasion. With the help of the camera you can capture the beautiful moments. Are you looking to purchase a new camera? If yes, Choosing between a DSLR and a mirrorless system should be your first step. There are many similarities and significant distinctions between the two types of cameras. They are both more flexible than point-and-shoot, bridge, or instant cameras due to the ability to swap out lenses and accessories. But this also increases the cost of purchase.

Ever since, mirrorless cameras have improved to the point that they are on level with DSLRs in some areas and superior to them in many others. At first, several camera enthusiasts looked down on mirrorless cameras.

DSLR vs. Mirrorless

DSLR vs. Mirrorless

Although there are still some benefits to DSLRs, it is important to keep in mind that there are not many new DSLRs being made right now, so in the long run, mirrorless cameras might be your only choice. Let see about the difference between the DSLR and the mirrorless cameras:

What is a DSLR camera?

DSLRs, commonly referred to as digital single-lens reflex cameras, use and unique prism to focus light that comes through the lens, bounces off a mirror, and beams through the viewfinder into your eye. The mirror then flips up to expose the camera sensor to light when you click the shutter button.

As soon as the viewfinder goes black the shutter moves to block the sensor. Mirrors occupy a significant amount of space. The unique DSLR components require a huge, heavy housing, which is why if you have ever touched a DSLR you have surely noted the size and weight.

DSLRs are simply too big and heavy for certain photographers, such as those that shoot constantly, travel regularly, carry a camera constantly, or just prefer a small, lightweight device.

What is a mirrorless camera?

Similar to DSLRs, mirrorless cameras lack the mirror. It is crucial to remember that there are truly a variety of mirrorless camera models available. Most feature a single built-in lens, while some have interchangeable lenses.

Nowadays the smartphones are also having the mirrorless camera to capture the image or picture. Light enters the lens and never passes through a viewfinder after reflecting off of a mirror. Instead, it travels directly to the sensor. The sensor is then digitally projected through an electronic viewfinder and the cameras back LCD.

With a mirrorless camera, taking a picture is as simple as pressing the shutter button, which causes the sensor to begin capturing data. Mirrorless cameras are typically much smaller than their DSLR counterparts because they do not have a mirror, especially when compared to cameras with an equivalent sensor size. However, the removal of mirror technology has also resulted in a number of additional benefits.

DSLR vs. Mirrorless

DSLR vs. Mirrorless

Size and weight

In order to attain a more lightweight and compact camera that still produces high-quality photographs, mirrorless cameras were developed. Manufacturers examine each component as a potential area for reduction in order to produce the smallest camera feasible. The imaging processor and the lenses are the parts that influence overall size and weight the most.

A camera’s lens mount, lenses, and overall body size can all be reduced with a smaller imaging sensor. On the other hand, larger imaging sensors require that everything be physically larger. Since the imaging lens is one of the most expensive parts of the camera, a Full Frame camera will often cost more than another camera.

Image quality

Due in part to the fact that both DSLRs and mirrorless cameras can utilize the most cutting-edge full-frame sensors currently available, both types of cameras can produce stunning images. After all, the primary determinant of image quality is sensor size.

Neither camera has a clear advantage over the other, even though factors like autofocus, low-light shooting, and camera resolution will affect how excellent the final image is. In a controlled setting, you might compare the image quality of two identical DSLR and mirrorless cameras and find that it is approximately equivalent.

Consider that both mirrorless and DSLR cameras use the exact standard camera sensor sizes, such as Four Thirds, APS-C, 35mm full frame, and even medium format, if you had to choose between them based on sensor size. Today, medium format mirrorless cameras do exist. The image quality of a DSLR with an APS-C sensor will be comparable to that of a mirrorless camera, and the same is true for full-frame DSLRs and their mirrorless equivalents.

DSLR vs. Mirrorless

DSLR vs. Mirrorless

Video quality

Every camera today has the ability to record videos, but the difference between the two cameras’ ability to do so will ultimately depend on the quality of the videos they can make.

Although there are many lens options available for DSLRs, only high-end DSLR models can produce 4K or Ultra HD quality films. Mirrorless cameras have an advantage in this situation because they can produce images of such quality even with certain affordable versions.


Components of viewfinder effectiveness between the two systems rely on individual preference. When using a DSLR, the image seen through the viewfinder represents the actual image captured by the lens. The DSLR’s internal mirror bounces the image upward into the viewfinder. Since the mirrorless system lacks that mirror, as you could have guessed, the viewfinder image is produced electronically.

This mirrorless viewfinder technology can reflect the image while considering the shutter speed, ISO, white balance, and other in-camera settings, even though the procedure is not as straightforward.

Camera performance

When using a DSLR camera, the viewfinder lets you see what the lens sees in real-time as the light is reflected up and out of the eyepiece. In a Mirrorless camera, whether you are looking through the LCD screen or an electronic viewfinder, you are looking at what the imaging sensor is capturing.

DSLR vs. Mirrorless

DSLR vs. Mirrorless

Many photographers believe that the optical viewfinder on an EOS DSLR makes you feel more connected to and sensitive to your subject. The “what you see is what you get” attitude of a mirrorless camera can help you better understand how the final image will turn out.

This is significant because you will see a real-time exposure preview, making it simpler to learn how to use the camera in manual mode. The best of both worlds is available when using an EOS DSLR camera in Live View mode while using the LCD screen.


A moving subject can be followed by an EOS DSLR’s specialized Auto Focus system, which uses powerful algorithms to predict its location in a split second after pressing the shutter button. The camera will continuously focus on the subject even when shooting at rapid speeds.

The idea behind this sort of auto-focus, known as Phase Detection, is that the camera understands just how far and in which direction to move the focus mechanism in the lens to obtain focus. Some advanced DSLR cameras have dual-pixel features whereby every pixel acts as a phase detection sensor.

The time it takes to focus has decreased due to this technology, even when the subject is moving. Another thing to remember with mirrorless cameras is that the batteries typically have a lower capacity, a feature of their smaller size.


Since DSLRs have been around the longest on the market, it goes without saying that they offer a more extensive selection of lenses to pick from. If accessing a wider variety of lenses is crucial to you, a DSLR is now the best choice.

However, as mirrorless cameras gain more and more popularity, their lens selections are gradually catching up. There are already an increasing number of lenses available for Micro Four Thirds cameras.

To use DSLR-sized lenses with mirrorless cameras, adapters can be purchased from the manufacturer. However, doing so may impact several of your mirrorless camera’s features, including focal point, zooming quality, and decelerated autofocus.

DSLR vs. Mirrorless

DSLR vs. Mirrorless

Shooting in the Field

A camera’s use in the field is influenced by its size, ability to shoot in low light, and autofocus features. It is challenging to discern between DSLRs and mirrorless cameras in this situation. Mirrorless cameras are smaller than DSLRs, although as more portable entry-level DSLRs become available, this advantage becomes less significant.

The distinctions between the two styles are sometimes obscured by bulky lenses. However, if you want the smallest setup possible, mirrorless is the best way to go. The supremacy of DSLRs in focusing and low-light photography has historically been challenged by a number of mirrorless low-light monsters.

Due to significantly enhanced mirrorless autofocus capabilities, mirrorless cameras now provide unsurpassed autofocus speeds. However, DSLRs are superior for autofocusing on moving targets, which is vital for wildlife or sports photography.

Image and video playback

The through-the-lens optical viewfinder on a DSLR lets you see exactly what the camera will record. Using a mirrorless camera, you can examine a digital preview of the image on the screen. A small, high-resolution screen in an eyepiece that mimics the optical viewfinder of a DSLR is available on some mirrorless cameras as an EVF, known as an electronic viewfinder.

A mirrorless camera’s preview on the screen or EVF will resemble the final image when you are in favorable lighting. However, when the camera has trouble, the preview will suffer and turn dull, grainy, and jerky. This is due to the mirrorless camera’s need to record photographs more slowly to catch more light while allowing you to see a moving preview.

In comparison, a DSLR bounces light right into your eye. However, one advantage of EVFs in mirrorless cameras is that they allow you to get a preview of the final image before you snap it. Both sorts of cameras give you quite helpful image previews in various situations.

Image stabilization

The further you zoom in or use a longer shutter speed, the fuzzier your photos will be due to shaky hands. Image-stabilization technologies are available on DSLR and mirrorless cameras alike. When the camera shakes, sensors detect it, and the camera slightly adjusts a portion of the lens or the image sensor in the opposite direction.

DSLRs and most mirrorless cameras can only compensate for shaking along two axes, vertical and horizontal, using the lens-shift technique. For even more steadiness, some mirrorless cameras coordinate the lens element and sensor movement along two axes. Researchers have discovered that there are few differences between these methods.

The real benefit of sensor stabilization is that it is accessible with all lenses, including older or less expensive lenses that lack in-built stabilization. In either case, most modern cameras can handle a slight bit of camera shake to generate a more precise image but cannot account for more significant motions.

Higher-end mirrorless cameras which is a feature not yet found on most DSLRs. If you need a clear vision of the picture at that time, you must go for a mirrorless camera.

Battery life

As they can shoot without providing a live view on an LCD screen or an electronic viewfinder, both of which use much power, DSLRs often have longer battery lives. The battery life of mirrorless cameras is improving due to new battery technology.

Consider purchasing a second battery if you decide to buy a mirrorless camera. DSLRs allow shooting without LCD or EVF, which can significantly increase battery life.


Consider a model with an additional layer of protection if you frequently travel off the usual road. Both entry-level cameras sometimes have plastic bodies that are durable for occasional usage but may not hold up well if thrown around.

An alloy body that can better withstand knocks and scrapes is the next level of durability. Corrosive dust and rain will not enter if the weather seal is complete. Modern mirrorless cameras offer this feature. Full weather sealing is often saved for most top-end models of DSLRs. Both camera types have weatherproof variants, but mirrorless cameras usually have more durable entry-level models.

Final words

Regarding the camera, you can buy any camera of your choice. Each has advantages and can be a superior option depending on the occasion or workflow. It is best to buy the camera by getting opinion from the experts.